See the Largest Buffalo Kill Site in the Southern Plains
Archaeologists from the University of Oklahoma oversee the exploration and excavation at the Flying W Guest Ranch kill site, revealing the remains of an estimated 800 bison.
The animals were driven into gullies or herded over cliffs and killed for food by spear-wielding hunters between 300 B.C. and A.D. 300.
Guided Trail Rides from the Flying W Guest Ranch visit the historic excavations and share details about the life of the Plains Indians.
When the archeologists are on site, they assist the guides in demonstrations, and offer guests the opportunity to participate in the excavation by appointment.
The earliest kill technique was to drive a small herd of bison over the 30 foot sandstone cliff. The fall would kill the animals or stun them, allowing hunters to approach with spears. In later years, the bison were herded into arroyos (steep-walled gullies), and hunters would be above the animals around the rim.
The sites reveal the tools and cooking materials used by the early Plains Indians, including spear points, cutting knives, scrapping tools, and other instruments and cooking items used to prepare meat and hides.
If you have always wanted to see or work on an archeological dig of this type, call us to coordinate your visit with the next excavation: 1-888-928-8864.
Buffalo or Bison?
Scientifically, the proper, Latin name is "Bison", or actually, "Bison Bison."
In the seventeenth century, French explorers in North America referred to the new species they encountered as “les boeufs,” meaning oxen or beeves.
The English, arriving later, changed the pronunciation to “la buff.” The name grew distorted as “buffle,” “buffler,” “buffillo,” and, eventually, “buffalo.”
(The American Buffalo in Transition, by J. Albert Rorabacher.)